Chinese regulators revived the QDII programme in April last year after a three-year halt to quota issuance. However, money has continued to flow out of QDII products.
The funds saw net outflows of RMB 10.76bn ($1.59bn) in 2018, according to Morningstar, with global bond funds leading the outflows at RMB 6bn.
QDII inflows/(outflows) (RMB m)
|China Fund QDII US Equity|
|China Fund QDII Commodities|
|China Fund QDII Emerging Markets Equity|
|China Fund QDII Other|
|China Fund QDII Emerging Markets Allocation|
|China Fund QDII Greater China Allocation|
|China Fund QDII Asia-Pacific ex-Japan Equity|
|China Fund QDII Asia Allocation|
|China Fund QDII Greater China Equity|
|China Fund QDII Sector Equity|
|China Fund QDII Global Equity|
|China Fund QDII Global Allocation|
|China Fund QDII Global Bond|
The only categories that saw net inflows are US equities and commodities. However, the appetite for US equity QDII products slowed in the fourth quarter, when the category saw net outflows of around RMB 911m.
Despite huge outflows in global bond and equity funds, they continue to have the largest share of the QDII market, with total assets of RMB 10bn each.
The QDII market remains small in the industry, accounting for just RMB 62bn or 0.56% of China’s RMB 11trn mutual fund market, according to Morningstar.
Money market stalwart
Overall, money market funds, which account for 67% (RMB 7trn) of China’s mutual fund industry, continue to be the most popular product category in 2018, according to Morningstar.
Top 10 categories with largest net inflows in 2018 (RMB m)
|China Fund Money Market Funds||527,824||(713,403)|
|China Fund Short-Term Bond Fund||244,839||(66,024)|
|China Fund Pure Bond||112,024||120,047|
|China Fund Normal Bond Fund||71,540||64,860|
|China Fund Equity Funds||50,157||21,699|
|China Fund Aggressive Allocation Fund||24,794||4,134|
|China Fund Moderate Allocation Fund||7,604||224|
|China Fund Shanghai-Hong Kong-Shenzhen Equity||3,260||(1,224)|
|China Fund Sector Equity Health||3,208||677|
|China Fund QDII US Equity||2,134||(911)|
In spite of the declining yields in money market funds, partly due to tightened regulations on liquidity and risk management, investors continued to pour money into these safehaven products due to the economic and stock market downturn, according to a recent Cerulli report.
Chinese equity and mixed-asset funds, particularly aggressive and moderate allocation products, were also among the categories that saw the highest net inflows. However, not all mixed-asset categories saw positive flows. Flexible and conservative allocation funds were among the top 10 categories with largest net outflows in 2018.
Top 10 categories with largest net outflows in 2018 (RMB m)
|China Fund Flexible Allocation Fund||(319,825)||(20,337)|
|China Fund Guaranteed Funds||(30,882)||(2,201)|
|China Fund Aggressive Bond Fund||(27,873)||(2,113)|
|China Fund Conservative Allocation Fund||(19,599)||(1,881)|
|China Fund QDII Global Bond||(6,076)||(1,864)|
|China Fund QDII Global Allocation||(2,106)||(999)|
|China Fund QDII Global Equity||(1,592)||(187)|
|China Fund QDII Sector Equity||(1,401)||155|
|China Fund QDII Greater China Equity||(1,156)||(261)|