Over the next 20 years, the world will experience the greatest transfer of wealth in history with $84trn expected to pass down to younger generations in the US alone.
But high net worth individuals are not ready for the transfer.
UBS’ latest Investor Watch report, which surveyed 4,500 investors in 14 markets with at least $1m in investable assets, found that around 40% do not have a formal inheritance plan, due to the complexity of dividing their assets fairly.
Half of respondents (50%) surveyed have not shared where assets are held, how they intend to divide them, or how much they are worth.
The survey also found two-thirds of investors struggle with how to share their wealth in a way they consider fair, particularly if it means dividing assets unequally among heirs.
Investors who chose to favour some of their heirs over others are clear about why, with 80% giving more to heirs they have closer relationships with. Others cite what their heirs’ financial needs are and how much responsibility they have in taking care of their benefactor as they age.
Iqbal Khan, president of global wealth management and president of Europe, Middle East, and Africa at UBS, said: “While investors overwhelmingly want the inheritance process to go smoothly, inadequate inheritance planning can be costly and could lead to unresolved family conflict.
“Every family has different values and should be supported by a team of professionals who can help them develop a personalised strategy to preserve what is most important to them.”
The survey also found that for heirs, having conversations about wealth is also difficult but discussing inheritance plans too late may create challenges:
- A third admit to having unresolved issues and conflicts with other heirs;
- Nearly half said one of the biggest barriers to open communication was the fear of appearing selfish;
- Among investors who have received an inheritance, four-in-10 wish they had been more open with their parents beforehand; and
- For those who served as executors, 64% said carrying out their parents or relatives last wishes was difficult.
Different family dynamics can complicate inheritance plans. Families that include stepchildren face even greater struggles dividing assets.
Some 87% of blended families struggle with dividing assets fairly, compared to 62% of non-blended families. Investors without children are more likely to leave a higher proportion of their wealth to charitable causes (40%), compared to investors with children (30%).
Business owners face additional complications when addressing the wealth transfer—particularly since the business is often the most valuable asset and difficult to pass on.
Six-in-10 business owners struggle to divide assets fairly. Around half (47%) hope to leave their business to family, but many have no estate plan and have not discussed their intentions with heirs or set expectations about business transition plans.
The majority of investors and heirs agree that the best form of action is ongoing and purposeful communication, and around half of all investors surveyed expressed interest in including a professional to help facilitate wealth transfer discussions.
Some 68% of investors surveyed in Asia Pacific have concerns about transferring their wealth and want the process to go smoothly. 72% said it was challenging to divide their assets fairly.
Among heirs, 43% wish they had discussed inheritance plans with their benefactors before they passed away and many who served as executors said carrying out their benefactor’s last wishes was difficult.
Three quarters (76%) of investors in Latin America are concerned about the wealth transfer, with 78% percent finding it challenging to divide their assets fairly.
Nearly half of heirs in the region regret not discussing inheritance plans with their benefactors before they passed.
Compared with the global average of 66%, only 53% of Swiss investors surveyed struggle to divide assets fairly.
Swiss investors face fewer barriers to communication. 72% said they speak openly about financial issues in the family with only 15% stating they’re not sure how broach the topic.
Only 15% of heirs in Switzerland faced conflicts with other heirs and 22% said they had unresolved issues. A quarter wish they had discussed inheritance plans with their benefactors before they passed.
United Arab Emirates
Investors in the UAE have open conversations with their heirs about important financial information and heirs are aware of how much wealth they have (57%) and how their wealth will be divided (61%).
However, a greater proportion of investors in the United Arab Emirates (91%) struggle to divide assets fairly and consider many factors when deciding how to divide their wealth among heirs.
US investors are more prepared for the wealth transfer than other markets surveyed, but still 28% do not have a wealth transfer plan in place.
Eight-in-10 investors said they want the inheritance process to go smoothly, with nearly as many concerned about minimizing taxes (76%) and making sure that beneficiaries use their inheritance wisely (68%).
Around three-quarters of investors in Western Europe and 80% of investors in the UK and France find it challenging to divide assets fairly, compared to the global average of 66%.
This story first appeared on our sister publication, International Adviser.